Debate on ERP of the hottest printing enterprise I

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Debate on ERP in printing enterprises (I)

"if you don't get on ERP, you will die. If you get on ERP, you will die". This is a view of ERP by people in the printing industry. Facing the increasingly confusing ERP market, how should printing enterprises choose? In recent years, ERP is a concept that has been speculated over and over again, but this concept has become increasingly strange. Under the premise of not breaking the law and no one cares about what you call it, ERP companies are suddenly everywhere in the market. Especially after the national policy of "using information technology to drive industrialization" was put forward, more small companies in groups and all kinds of small companies can sell ERP in a righteous way after packaging and changing. For the increasingly blurred ERP market, users are once again confused - in the past, they were confused because they knew too little, but now they are confused because they have too much contact: what is ERP? Can ERP solve all management problems? How much benefit can ERP bring? Everyone says that their products are the most advanced and their services are the most in place. Everyone says that their modules are the most complete and their ideas are the most advanced. Who should we choose

the source of ERP nowadays, the concept of ERP has become more and more confusing. When users have not yet figured out what ERP is, ERP has launched the second and third generation. In order to understand the concept of ERP, we need to understand the source of ERP

The predecessor of ERP is MRP and MRP Ⅱ. In 1965, APICS (American Association for production and inventory management) proposed the concept of MRP (material demand planning) in response to the problems of delayed supply and delayed delivery in enterprises at that time. By the 8th century, the surface hardening hardness was hrc58 (6) in the 1920s, enterprises began to guide production through the monitoring and planning of the entire internal supply chain, and took market-oriented as the management center to understand and control the final cost of products at any time. The concept of MRP Ⅱ (Manufacturing Resource Planning) and the corresponding software came into being

after entering the 1990s, in order to adapt to the changes of market demand, the past single production mode has changed into a mixed production mode. MRP Ⅱ can no longer accurately meet the management needs of enterprises when dealing with these complex and changeable mixed production. Moreover, since MRP II controls the whole production process by rolling the plan in time, it is less timely than the faster interconnection, and can only realize post control. At the same time, enterprises increasingly emphasize the role of profit control, so the simple integration of financial data and production data can no longer meet the requirements of management control. Around 1990, ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) gradually replaced MRP Ⅱ and became the mainstream enterprise management software system

erp was officially named in 1990. Based on the then popular industrial enterprise management software MRP Ⅱ, Gartner Group Company of the United States proposed software packages to evaluate the content and effect of MRP Ⅱ. These software packages are called ERP. From the initial definition, ERP is just a management software for enterprises. After that, sap, the world's largest enterprise management software company, has put forward a revolutionary concept of "management +it" for the definition of ERP on the basis of more than 20 years of service for enterprises: ERP is not just a software system, but a comprehensive management application system integrating organizational model, enterprise specifications, information technology and implementation methods; ERP has shifted the management core of enterprises from "manufacturing and selling the right products at the right time" to "obtaining the maximum profit of enterprises at the best time and place". The application scope of this management method and means has also expanded from manufacturing enterprises to other different industries; ERP has developed from meeting the requirements of dynamic monitoring to the introduction of business intelligence, which has turned the simple transaction processing system into a truly intelligent management and control system; In terms of software structure, ERP must be able to adapt to interconnection, support cross platform and multi organization applications, and have a wide range of data and business logic interfaces with e-commerce applications

therefore, the ERP we are talking about today is usually based on the definition of SAP company after 1990. The so-called ERP is to mark the √ period before the time of the manual experiment through information technology, so as to realize the sharing and coordination of resources within the enterprise, overcome the bureaucratic constraints in the enterprise, and make the seamless and smooth connection of business processes, so as to improve the efficiency of management and the accuracy of business, improve the profitability of the enterprise, and reduce transaction costs

like other ERP systems, the existing printing ERP is the first generation ERP system, which is the management of information, resources and funds within the enterprise, and is a system based on c/s operation mode. The parameterized process management based on order, especially the market demand based on Web, such as quotation, order inquiry, Remote Proofing, remote printing management, e-commerce of printing enterprises, etc., should be included in the future printing ERP system

the implementation of ERP in China's printing enterprises should be in recent years. Compared with more than 90000 printing enterprises, this market is just beginning. However, many large domestic printing enterprises, such as Shenzhen Yachang, Nanjing aide, Zhejiang Yingtian, Beijing Qiliang Hyde, Henan first Xinhua factory, have been on ERP and are running well

the omnipotent argument of ERP

nowadays, ERP has been said to be mysterious and mysterious. It seems that after ERP, all management problems of enterprises can be solved. Some printing enterprises are holding the good wish of "if not, it will be amazing". Is ERP really omnipotent

for this problem, liaolixiong, manager of Shenzhen Kelian Computer Technology Co., Ltd., put forward his own view, thinking that ERP system is too ideal, blindly greedy for perfection, divorced from the requirements of reality, and artificially complicate simple problems. The result is that developers often spend nine cows and two tigers to achieve all functions in software development according to the requirements of the enterprise, but they cannot implement it because they are divorced from the reality of the enterprise and put the cart before the horse, The management of production planning, workshop management, cost control, etc. should take into account the requirements of delivery time, process, quality, cost, market changes and other aspects. It is unrealistic to hope to achieve it in one step through ERP. ERP itself also has a spiral process of improvement. As an advanced enterprise management software, ERP can provide positive auxiliary functions for enterprise management, but the understanding of these functions must be clear and appropriate. We must not think that ERP is omnipotent, or that ERP alone can improve the level of enterprise management. The management foundation of an enterprise is an important prerequisite for the success of the project. With the implementation of ERP, there must be a corresponding management system and management infrastructure in order to truly play the positive role of ERP

"ERP is not everything." Mr. Deng Xiong of Jingyi printing (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. also said. Jingyi printing digital management information system was developed five years ago by an erp/mrpii company (Shenzhen eurek software company), which specializes in the research and development of manufacturing management software. At present, the company has set up a project department to carry out this work. The whole system is completely self-developed and has independent intellectual property rights. However, according to the experience of Jingyi printing in the past five years, Mr. Deng Xiong believes that management informatization still plays a certain role. First, it can improve the utilization rate of materials and warehouse; Second, it can change the management and decision-making methods of printing enterprises in China, and teach the managers of enterprises to learn to use scientific, correct and data methods to ensure that the decision-making has a great impact on the correctness of the test results, and greatly improve the management level; Third, for enterprises with standardized, good and scientific management system, management information system is a curing device, which can ensure the effective implementation of the system. In addition, the process of implementing enterprise management informatization for these printing enterprises is a "make-up" process, making up management system courses. It can be said that the implementation of enterprise management information system is a project for the future

with the intensification of market competition and the diversification of customer needs, when the gap between enterprises in raw materials, equipment and talents is not large, enterprises have to consider strengthening internal management and reducing costs. Enterprise informatization is an effective method, which has been recognized by more and more printing enterprises. However, informatization is only a tool to assist enterprise management. If it is well implemented, it can realize enterprise information sharing, optimize enterprise resources and improve enterprise management level, so as to reduce costs and improve profits; If it is not implemented well, it will only waste the human and material resources of the enterprise

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